HP東善寺>小栗上野介の顕彰 ●   小栗上野介の顕彰活動
HP Tozenji Temple > Honoring Kozukenosuke Oguri
● Activities in Honor of Kozukenosuke Oguri

Activities in Honor of Kozukenosuke Oguri


The activities in honor of Kozukenosuke Oguri began when the villagers of Gonda escorted Michiko Oguri, who was Kozukenosuke's wife, and her family to Aizu and kept them safe. The subsequent construction of his grave, the welcoming his head to Tozenji Temple, the graveside memorial services that have continued since the Meiji era, the erection of a cenotaph in his honor, the erection of his bust, and the current Oguri Matsuri (Festival) are all extensions of these efforts to honor him.

顕彰の始まりは 会津脱出行の護衛

The activities in honor of Kozukenosuke Oguri began when
      Gonda villagers eascorted Michiko Oguri to Aizu


Three days before being killed, Kozukenosuke Oguri, sensing the unsettled situation, asked villagers including Sanzaemon Nakajima of Gonda Village to evacuate his family to Aizu. Mrs. Michiko Oguri, his wife, Kuniko Oguri, his mother, and Yokiko, his adopted daughter, were escorted by about 30 villagers on the arduous journey from Gonda to Sakaue village of Azuma-county, Kuni village, Jizo Pass, Akiyamago, Tokamachi, and Niigata, and finally entered Aizu Wakamatsu. Michiko gave birth to a baby girl during the Aizu War and named her Kuni. In early spring of 1869 (2nd year of the Meiji Era), the year after the defeat in the Aizu War, Michiko left Aizu with Kuni, escorted by the Gonda villagers. After escorting them to Tokyo and then Shizuoka, the villagers returned to Gonda. When they returned, however, they looked "as good as beggars," according to a legend. This was the beginning of the Gonda Village's efforts to honor Kozukenosuke Oguri.


▲ "Yamani" house (the house in the center)
Michiko and her family stayed at the Yamada (or nicknamed as "Yamani') house for three days to prepare for their trip, and then entered the mountain road to Akiyamago.

▲ "Oguri Fresh Water"
The fresh water that Michiko and her family quenched their thirst with about 3 km before Nozori Pond (now a lake) has been carefully preserved.

▲ Preserving "Oguri Fresh Water"
The water is well maintained by volunteers of Kuni Village  

▲ Lakeside of Nozoriko Lake
From spring, many flowers bloom, such as glaucidium palmatum (a kind of mallow), Japanese azalea, kisuge (a kind of hemerocallidoideae), false lily of the valley, Veratrum stamineum.
他の草が生えない酸性土壌地に生える高山植物 地元の中学生が増やし植え付けた

Komakusa (dicentra peregrina)
Alpine plant that grows in acid soil where other grasses do not grow. Local junior high school students increased the number of plants and planted them in the wild.

Urajiro-yohraku (Menziesia multiflora)
A member of the dodan azalea family, but the underside of the leaves is white. Yohraku is an ornament for Buddhist statues.

▲ Beni Sarasa-dodan (Enkianthus campanulatus var. palibinii)
Flowers are exceptionally red. "Sarasa" is from its narrow aperture pattern.

▲ Tasty Pizza
There is "Kyukei-sha (Rest House)" of Fujimi-toge Hana-no-eki at the end of a climb up to the shore of Nozoriko Lake. "Kunikko Pizza" and "Nozorikko Pizza" are delicious!
昔は湿地帯の池だった 右手の山に入って秋山郷へ向かった

Nozoriko Lake
It used to be a marshy pond. Michiko and her family entered the mountains on the right and headed for Akiyamago.

▲ Togoku-Mitsuba Tsutsuji (Rhododendron wadanum)
Michiko and her family must have hurried without time to enjoy the beautiful azaleas.


Two Gonda Villagers killed in the Aizu War
Some of the Gonda villagers, who had escorted Michiko and her family to Aizu, joined the Aizu forces to fight. Among them were Ginjuro Sato killed in Kitakata City at the age of 21 and Tomigoro Tsukagoshi killed in Takago Village, Yama County, at the age of 23. For more information, see "Mrs. Michiko Oguri Escaped to Aizu."



Grave of Tadataka Oguri, Father of Kozukenosuke

The grave of Kozukenosuke's father, Tadataka Oguri, is located at Ho-onji Temple in Niigata City. After visiting the grave, Michiko and others hurried to Aizu as if chased by the Western forces that were approaching Niigata. In September 1913, Shigenobu Okuma and his wife, Ayako, (the couple on the left front of the photo) visited the grave. Ayako Okuma is a cousin of Kozukenosuke.

Cemetery in Kumakura (Kitakata City)
Ginjuro Sto's gravestone is under a cherry tree on the east. It is a beautiful place with a view of the Iide mountain range with lingering snow in the distance.

Grave of Ginjuro Sato
He was killed in the battle of Kumakura, Kitakata City, and his grave is in Kumakura. Inscription on the front: Tomb of Ginjuro Shin-ichi Sato
Inscription on the right: Native of Kozuke Province (today's Gunma prefecture)
◆講演 17日午後6時30分〜

Kozukenosuke Oguri Exhibition and Lecture in Aizu
◆ August 17 - 21, 2005
◆ Aizuwakamatsu City Cultural Center Hall ◆◆ Lecture: Starts at 6:30 p.m.



           Welcoming Kozukenosuke Oguri's Head to Tozenji Temple

After returning from Aizu, Sanzaemon Nakajima and others went to Tatebayashi to retrieve the heads of Kozukenosuke Oguri and his son, Mataichi, which had been taken to Tatebayashi and left buried after the head examination. They stole them from the precincts of Horin-ji Temple, took them to Gonda village and put them together with the bodies on the hill behind Tozenji Temple. The villagers referred to this as the "welcoming of the lord's head."   

  Reference: Welcoming the head of the load      
  Reference: "Kozukenosuke Oguri" (published in 2004, by Miyama Bunko of Gunma Prefectural Library)

              Oguri Matsuri (Festival)



<Since the Meiji era (1868-1912)>
In the Meiji era after Kozukenosuke Oguri and others were killed, the villagers of Gonda erected the graves and held annual memorial services for him. (The name of the festival was not "Oguri Matsuri" in the beginning, but varied depending on the time of year, such as "Festival in the year of XXXX," "XXth Aniversary," etc.)  
According to the local journal "Jomo and Jomojin (Jomo Province and Jomo People),"
"Ryutaro Ohdo personally came to Gonda Village and donated 25 ryo of the mourning money for Kozukenosuke Oguri to Tozenji Temple on the leap month of April 15th (28th in one theory). The 25 ryos were entrusted to Toshichi Sato, the village master of Gonda Village, who paid 3 ryos in interest annually to hold the memorial services for Kozukenosuke Oguri on April 6 and 7. After Toshichi's son Kanjuro went bankrupt in the fall of 1885, the chief priest of Tozenji Temple conducted the memorial services for Oguri year after year."
There are no records until the 33rd anniversary of Oguri's death in 1897, but the following is a record of what was done after that time.

<戦 前>

1917大正6年  小栗上野介50年祭
1932昭和7年  水沼河原に
1934昭和9年  小栗上野介67年祭
1935昭和10年 小栗上野介追弔会 顕彰慰霊碑流失
1937昭和12年 小栗上野介70年忌 小栗上野介遺跡保存会創立 顕彰慰霊碑再建
1945昭和20年 小栗上野介追悼座談会
<Before the Second World War>
1917 The 50th anniversary of Kozukenosuke Oguri was held.
1932 The cenotaph for the memory of Kozukenosuke Oguri was erected at Mizunuma riverbank.
1934 The 67th anniversary of Kozukenosuke Oguri was held.
1935 Kozukenosuke Oguri mourning meeting was held and the cenotaph was
lost in the flood of the Karasu River.
1937 The 70th anniversary of Kozukenosuke Oguri was held. The Kozukenosuke Oguri Ruins Preservation Society was established. The cenotaph for the memory of Kozukenosuke Oguri was reerected.
1945 Round-table discussion in commemoration of Kozukenosuke Oguri was held.

<戦 後>

1947昭和22年 小栗上州公80年祭
1952昭和27年 小栗まつり
1954昭和29年 小栗上野介胸像除幕式 
1856昭和31年 小栗上野介89周年法要 栗本鋤雲胸像と仁義並存碑除幕式
<After the Second World War>
1947 The 80th anniversary of Kozukenosuke Oguri was held.
1951 The Kozukenosuke Oguri Memorial Association was established
1952 Oguri Matsuri (Festival) was held.
1954 The Kozukenosuke Oguri Bust Unveiling Ceremony was held. 
1956 The 89th Anniversary Memorial Ceremony of Kozukenosuke Oguri. Also, the unveiling ceremonies of the Joun Kurimoto's Bust and
the Jingi-Heizon Monument were held ("Jingi" means humanity and justice. Heizon means concurrence).
Since then, the anniversary ceremonies of Kozukenosuke Oguri have been held in the years of 1957, 1961, 1965, 1968, 1975, 1978 and 1988.



<Oguri Matsuri (Festival) in recent years>

The festival was changed from a ceremony with only invited guests and board members to a "festival" that anyone can participate in, featuring visits to graves, lectures, presentations, attractions (musical performances, etc.), and a lunch market. The festival has been held annually since 1997. → ■ Creating the Oguri Matsuri (Festival)

小栗まつり2005(平17) Oguri Matsuri 2005

小栗まつり2004(平16) Oguri Matsuri 2004
小栗まつり2003(平15) Oguri Matsuri 2003
小栗まつり2002(平14) Oguri Matsuri 2002
小栗まつり2001(平13) Oguri Matsuri 2001
小栗まつり2000(平12)(リンク)Oguri Matsuri 2000 (Link)

Recitation of "Ishin Mujo (Heartlessness in the Meiji Restoration)" with performance of the Gunma Mandolin Orchestra





Related Pages

Activities of honoring Kozukenosuke Oguri began with the escort of Mrs. Michiko to Aizu.
Mrs. Michiko Oguri who fled to Aizu
Mr. and Mrs. Shigunobu Okuma visited the grave of Tadataka Oguri, Kozukenosuke's father.

"Welcoming Kozukenosuke Oguri's head" by Sanzaemon Nakajima and others who recovered the heads of Kozukenosuke Oguri and his son from Tatebayashi after their return from Aizu.
The first "Kozukenosuke Oguri Data Panel Exhibition" in Aizu
Mountain trip to Akiyamago along the "Road of History"

Kozukenosuke Oguri Memorial Association (link)

"Tatsunami," the journal of the Kozukenosuke Oguri Memorial Association
"The Boshin War and Kitakata" (link)
"The story of the bust of Kozukenosuke Oguri"…Two works by Fumio Asakura in Kurabuchi Town