|ＨＰ東善寺＞小栗上野介 ● ● 西洋式軍隊訓練|
Training school for three types of soldiers (infantry, artillery, and cavalry) (Japan's first Western-style army)
In 1867 (Keio 3), Army Magistrate Kozukenosuke Oguri conducted a training program for three types of soldiers (infantry, cavalry, and artillery) under the guidance of the French military advisers, to modernize and strengthen the Shogunate's Western-style army. He also initiated the "system of conscription," with which he encouraged bannermen to undergo Western-style military training. This was the basis of the conscription system in Japan.
| ■ Location
First: Ota Jinya (present-day Hinodecho 1-chome), Yokohama
Later: Since Yokohama was geographically inconvenient and cramped, it was moved to Komabano, Edo (Komaba, Meguro-ku) in June, 1867 (Keio 3).
団長： シャノワンヌ Ｃｈａｒｌｅｓ Ｓｕｌｐｉｃｅ Ｊｕｌｅｓ Ｃｈａｎｏｉｎｅ （右上の写真）
| ■ Military Advisory Group
Leader: Charles Sulpice Jules Chanoine (1st photo)
Members: Jules Brunet (2nd photo), Dubusquet, Meszloh, Descharmes, Marlin, Iglecq, Percel, Fortin, Guttig, Bonnet, Isard, Valette, Mermet, Bouffier
■ The lessons
All lessons were conducted in French. In the beginning, the clothing was different, but Captain Brunet eventually established a uniform. The two swords were removed because they were a hindrance to the training, and replaced with French-style military swords. They also cut off motodori (hair for chonmage) and started to wear Western-style military attire with shoes.
■ Major trainees
Morikazu Numa... a civil rights activist
Ikunosuke Arai...... Director of the meteorological observatory
Keisuke Otori... Army officer in Hakodate, former Shogunate deserter, later Privy Councillor
Takashi Masuda...President of Mitsui & Co.
......There were 1,000 infantry, 650 artillery, and 350 cavalry.
In addition to Mataichi Oguri, his vassal Ginjuro Sato and other young men from Gonda village also joined.
| フランス式軍装 ⇒
|▲The first march of the artillerymen At Edo, July 6, 1867 (Keio 3)|| ▲French-style military uniform.
They also wore leather shoes.
Mataichi Oguri (beheaded in Takasaki Castle)
Isojuro Oi (from Gonda village, beheaded with Kozukenosuke)
Ginjuro Sato (from Gonda village, killed in Aizu while protecting Kozukenosuke's wife)
■ Faith in the students, "D'Artagnan of Japan" Brunet
In January 1868, less than a year after the start of the course, war broke out between the Satsuma and Shogunate armies at Toba-Fushimi, and the military advisors were ordered by France to evacuate to Yokohama and take a neutral position. However, out of faith in his students, Brunet and nine other French comrades joined the former shogunate forces led by Takeaki Enomoto. Together with his former students, they fought for nine months in Sendai and Hakone, and just before the fall of Goryokaku, they were transferred to a French warship and returned home.