|ＨＰ東善寺＞小栗上野介 ●● 新聞発行を建議 福沢諭吉を起用|
|After returning to Japan from the mission to the United States in 1860, the first year of the Man'en era, Kozukenosuke Oguri
Proposed the publication of a newspaper
Oguri recommended Yukichi Fukuzawa to be in charge of the publication.
▲何でもメモする日本人 アメリカの新聞記事 挿絵▲
▲Japanese people who take notes on everything, American newspaper articles with illustrations ▲
| According to "History of Japanese Newspaper Development"
◆ Immediately after his return to Japan from the tour to the U.S. and around the world, Oguri proposed the publication of newspapers.
◆ At the end of the Tokugawa Shogunate, Oguri said, "If there had been newspapers to expose the secrets of the government and the military, and the internal affairs of the public and private sectors, the Shogunate would not have fallen so easily."
"In 1867, the third year of Keio, the Tokugawa shogunate finally gave up power, dividing the nation into two halves, east and west, and for the first time, newspapers in Japan entered an era of creativity rather than translation. However, it is important to note that before the collapse of the shogunate, there were politicians who recognized the benefits of newspapers and wanted to publish them."
"The forerunners were Kozukenosuke Oguri in domestic affairs and Chikugonokami Ikeda in foreign affairs. Both of them were vassals of the Tokugawa Shogunate, and it is noteworthy that they traveled abroad and recognized the benefits of such travel in an attempt to recover from the decay of the Tokugawa Shogunate, which was on the verge of collapse. While the Choshu clan and others who were trying to overthrow the shogunate used old-fashioned propaganda tools such as graffiti, posters, and chobokure (street performer), or used the antiforeigner theory, or propagated the reactionism, Oguri and Ikeda were far more astute."
"Oguri accompanied the shogunate's first foreign envoy, Buzennokami Niimi, to the United States, where he made a detailed inspection of the local newspapers and tried to establish a shogunate newspaper. After returning to Japan, he immediately proposed this idea to the shogunate in 1860, the first year of Men'en era. Oguri's plan was to have Yukichi Fukuzawa, a follower of Settsunokami Kimura who was the warship officer on the Kanrin Maru, publish the newspaper, but no one in the Shogunate would listen to him and the plan was never carried out."
"After the fall of the shogunate in 1867, the third year of Keio, Oguri was deeply moved by the incident and said that, if the newspaper had exposed the secrets of the government and the military and the internal affairs of the public and private sectors, the matter would not have reached this point."
("History of Japanese Newspaper Development" by Hideo Ono, Satsuki Shobo, 1923 or Taisho 11, Osaka Mainichi Shimbun, 24p- Chapter 3, Section 1: Insightful View of Kozukenosuke Oguri and Chikugonokami Ikeda)
(Yukichi Fukuzawa whom Tadamasa Oguri recommended as the publisher of the newspaper)
| 〇 「年寄りどもは話せない」
〈以上 矢田挿雲『江戸から東京へ』中公文庫（６）・１２０p～ 元は報知新聞に矢田挿雲記者が大正９年～１２年ごろ連載 〉
＊１ 二月二十五日 → 二月十三日着
＊２ 閏三月十八日 → 三月十七日発
＊３ 視察して帰るや →サンフランシスコから帰国したのは咸臨丸。遣米使節は咸臨丸には乗らず、米国軍艦で桑港～パナマ～ワシントン～ニューヨーク～アフリカ～インド洋～バタビア（ジャカルタ）～香港～日本、と地球一周をして帰国した。
＊４ 二十余歳 → この時小栗は数え三十四歳
| "There's no point in talking to a bunch of old people who don't have enough understanding of the proposal." Oguri clucked his tongue when his proposal to publish a newspaper was rejected.
According to "From Edo to Tokyo,"
"On February 25, 1860, a delegation led by Buzennokami Niimi, Awajinokami Muragaki, and Bungonokami* Tadamasa Oguri landed in San Francisco in the United States, wearing topknots on their heads and large swords at their waists. They inspected docks, factories, gun batteries, and ironworks until they anchored out of San Francisco bay on leap March 18. On his return, Oguri attempted to have the Shogunate publish a newspaper as he had seen in the United States. However, the plan of Oguri was not accepted because there were many slack-officials who did not even bother to read the newspapers that were painstakingly translated by the Bansho Shirabedokoro (Institute for the Study of foreign Books). Oguri was a young man of just over 20 at the time. Oguri said, 'I can't talk to old people,' and clucked his tongue."
* Note: At the time, Oguri was in charge of Bungo Province so that he was called 'Bungonokami' until 1863 when he became 'Kozukenosuke Tadamasa Oguri' in charge of Kozuke Province."
(The above was written in "Edo kara Tokyo e," Chuko Bunko (6), 120p~. The article was originally serialized in the Hochi Shinbun newspaper from 1919 to 1923 by a reporter named Soun Yada.)
In this article, there are a few phrases that should be correced as follows:
* Note 1: February 25 → February 13
* Note 2: March 18 → March 17
* Note 3: It was the Kanrin Maru that returned to Japan directly from San Francisco. The Japanese mission to the U.S. circled the globe (from San Francisco Port to Panama, Washington DC, New York and then to Africa, the Indian Ocean, Batavia or Jakarta and Hong Kong) before returning Japan.
* Note 4: over twenty years old → thirty-four years old (Oguri was born in 1827.)
| Note: The author, Soun Yada, continues to write about the genius of Oguri in the following paragraphs, but when we look at them now, we can see that some of the sentences are quite misleading and seem to reflect the Meiji government's "view of Oguri as a renegade. For your reference, though, here are some more of his writing.
"He was also such a sharp person that, on the day he landed in the U.S., he did not take kindly to his host's questions about Mount Fuji or cherry blossoms, but paid attention to the comparison of the weights of gold and silver, and asked questions about the currency system. As a result, after his return, he raised the rank of koban to more than three times the price. Even the ship's accountant was unaware of this point, so there was no way they would agree to publish a newspaper."
"Oguri was constantly shunned by his superiors for his outspokenness and insolence. He was dismissed more than 70 times in his life. More than seventy times is intense, but since he was dismissed more than seventy times, he must have been promoted more than seventy times again. In the end, he grabbed the hem of Prince Keiki and insisted on starting a war, so he was exempted directly by the Shogun."
During the more than 260 years of the Tokugawa shogunate, thousands of people were dismissed, but Tadamasa Oguri was the only one to be dismissed by the shogun's direct order. However, he was determined to revive the Tokugawa Shogunate, and returned to Takasaki, Joshu (present Gunma Prefecture), where he raised an army of soldiers. In April of the first year of the Meiji Era, he was summoned by the government forces and as soon as he appeared alone and dignified, he was beheaded. His new knowledge from the U.S. and other countries, which regrettably did not catch on with many, came to an untimely end, but he is one of the most unforgettable figures in our newspaper society.
◆幕末・維新とメディア事情それに小栗忠順(リンク) ・２も (リンク)
◆ The End of the Edo Period and the Meiji Restoration, the Media Situation, and Tadanobu Oguri (link) ・２ (link)
◇ "Property to be sold with a storehouse attched" The Yokosuka Shipyard is a storehouse attached to a house for sale... The words of Kozukenosuke Oguri
◇ Yokosuka Ironworks: Three Features… These features show that Yokosuka is the site of Japan's industrial revolution.
◇ The bricks of Yokosuka Shipyard: Bricks made in Yokosuka, which we could finally get.
◇ Advocacy of forest protection and cultivation： Shipbuilding requires a lot of wood...
◇ Chief Engineer Francois-Leonce Verney： Yokosuka City Website (link)
◇ Reading the "Detailed Drawing of Yokosuka""： Yokosuka with advanced facilities of modern industry was crowded with visitors.
◇ Yokosuka Shipyard "Japan-U.S. Friendship Base History Tour" (link)
◇ Kaishu Katsu's "500 Year Navy Theory"： The authenticity of "Kaishu's Diary" wavers.
◇ General Togo's Acknowledgement： Victory in the Battle of the Sea of Japan was thanks to Mr. Oguri...
◇ Structural reforms at the end of the Edo period：Kozukenosuke Oguri brought a screw as a souvenir.
◇ The theory that the Yokosuka ironworks were built with borrowed money : It was wrongly alleged by a writer who misread the historical materials.
◇ Falsely accued Oguri - he used Shikoku and Ezo as collateral：A baseless theory in the turmoil of the late Edo period
◇ The Story of Yokosuka Ironworks (link)
◇ Dutch Steam Hammer (link)
◇ Latest Aircraft Carriers and Docks at the End of Edo Period： Tour of the former Yokosuka Shipyard
◇ Tomioka Silk Mill：Exciting Exploration of Technology (link)
◇ "The fate of the Shogunate, the fate of Japan" by Kozukenosuke Oguri