| HP東善寺＞ 遣米使節の行程 ●● 遣米使節の行程・日本人初の世界一周
HP Tozenji Temple＞ Itinerary of the Japanese Mission to the U.S. ●● Itinerary of the Japanese Mission to the U.S., the First Japanese to Go Around the World
Itinerary of the Japanese Mission to the United States
The First Japanese to Go Around the World on Purpose
| ■ Red line: ... From Japan to Washington D.C. and other East Coast cities by USS Powhatan and USS Roanoke
■ Green line: ... From New York to Japan by sailing around the world by USS Niagara.
■ Gray line ... The course of the Kanrin Maru, a training ship under the name of "escort ship." No envoys were on board.
(Image provided by "NEWTON," March 2008 issue)
| In the itinerary below,
・ JC is the Japanese calendar.
・ WC is the Western calendar.
・ There was a leap month in that year.
・ The date was changed at the date line. However, in the diaries of people other than Gohachiro Namura, an interpreter, and Tetsuta Kimura, a follower of Oguri, who made corrections during the trip, the date was not corrected, so there is a discrepancy of one day.
一月十八日（１８６０年２月９日・木） 築地〜品川沖出発 →横浜〜ハワイへ（２６日間航海）
一月十九日 横浜 滞船
一月二十一日 横浜 滞船
二月二日（2月23日・木） 日付変更線通過 ＊ここで二日をもう一度繰り返す＊
二月二十六日（３月１７日・土） ハワイ発 （１１日間航海）
三月八日（３月２８日・水） サンフランシスコ着 寄港せず咸臨丸を修理しているサンフランシスコ湾北北東のメーア島米国海軍造船所へ行く。咸臨丸一行に再会し滞在。
三月十二日（4月2日・月） 英仏露領事と面会 市役所へ行き幹部に挨拶、音楽学校で外国領事も列席の歓 迎昼食会ののち、メーア島へ戻る
三月十七日（４月７日・土） 夕方サンフランシスコ発 （１８日間航海）
| The 7th year of Ansei became the first year of Man'en (1860) from March 18.
（The Kanrinmaru accompanying the Powhatan sailed from off Shinagawa to Yokohama on JC January 13 (WC Saturday, February 4, 1860), from Yokohama to Uraga on JC January 15 and from Uraga to San Francisco, U.S.A. on JC January 19.）
■Hawaii - San Francisco - Panama on the USS Powhatan
Sailing the Pacific Ocean
JC January 18 (WC February 9, 1860, Thursday): Departed from Tsukiji for off Shinagawa, Yokohama, and Hawaii in a 26-day voyage.
JC January 19: Stayed at Yokohama
JC January 21: Stayed at Yokohama
JC January 22, around 8:00 a.m.: Departed from Yokohama
JC February 2 (WC February 23, Thursday): Passed the date line and repeated JC February 2 from here.
JC February 13 (WC March 4, Sunday): Arrived in Honolulu, Hawaii
In Hawaii (stayed for 14 days)
JC February 26 (WC March 17, Saturday): Departed from Hawaii for San Francisco in an 11-day voyage.
JC March 8 (WC March 28, Wednesday): Arrived in San Francisco. Without calling at the port of San Francisco, visited the U.S. Naval Shipyard on Mare Island, north-northeast of San Francisco Bay, where the Kanrin Maru was being repaired. Reunited and stayed with the Kanrin Maru party.
At San Francisco (stayed for 9 days)
JC March 10 (WC March 31, Saturday): Went to downtown San Francisco by the steamship "Active" and stayed overnight at the International Hotel.
JC March 11 (WC April 1, Sunday): Stayed in San Francisco.
JC March 12 (WC April 2, Monday): Met with British, French, and Russian consuls, went to City Hall to meet with officials, had a welcome luncheon at the Music School with foreign consuls in attendance, then returned to Mare Island.
JC March 15 (WC April 5, Thursday): Since it will still take time to repair the Kanrin Maru and they were now aware of the situation in the U.S., the escort of the Kanrin Maru to Panama was cancelled. Then the Powhatan parted company with the Kanrin Maru and moved from Mare Island to San Francisco.
|The Kanrin Maru departed San Francisco on JC Leap March 19 (WC May 9) , arrived Hawaii on JC April 4 (WC May 24), departed Hawaii on JC April 7 (WC May 27) and arrived Uraga, Kanagawa Prefecture, on JC May 5 (WC June 22) .|
四月 十二日（６月 １日・金）帰国の行程を協議
四月 十三日（６月 ２日・土）三使をホテル礼拝堂で写真撮影・午後ニューヨーク市の役人来訪/午後２時電気器械見学
四月 十四日（６月 ３日・日）休養/（午後市内と留置所見学）
四月 十五日（６月 ４日・月）金貨の件で米役人来訪し、交渉
四月 十六日（６月 ５日・火）１２時、帰国挨拶で大統領官邸、財務省、軍役所、英・仏・露・オランダ公使を表敬訪問
四月 十七日（６月 ６日・水）金貨の件で米役人来訪し、交渉/ホワイトハウスへ。別れの挨拶。大統領の像入り記念メダル（三使は金、随員は銀、従者は銅）を贈られる
四月 十八日（６月 ７日・木）金貨の件で書翰受け取る
四月 十九日（６月 ８日・金）８時にワシントン出発〜１０時ボルティモア着〜市内パレード―【ホテル ギルモアハウス】
四月 二十日（６月 ９日・土）ボルティモア発〜サスケハナ河を汽車ごとフェリーで渡る〜フィラデルフィア着〜市内パレードー【コンチネンタル ホテル】
五月 三日（６月２１日・木）午後１時〜6時、新聞社長邸訪問 午後７時、貿易関係者来訪し面談
| ■Departed from Aspenwall for Washington on the USS Roanoke.
JC March 6 (WC April 26): Departed from Aspenwall for Washington DC in a 19-day voyage.
JC March 24 (WC May 14, Monday): Arrived in Washington, DC. They satyed at Willard Hotel.
In Washington, DC (stayed for 25 days)
JC Leap March 25 (WC May 15, Tuesday): Stayed at the hotel. Hospitality Committee members, Dupont, Lee, and Porter came to greet and discuss with them.
JC Leap March 26 (WC May 16, Wednesday), 12:00 pm: Visited Lewis Cass, the Secretary of State.
JC Leap March 27 (WC May 17, Thursday), 12:00 pm: Visited the White House. Had an audience with President Buchanan and handed him the State Papers. Returned to the hotel at 2:00 p.m. At 8:00 p.m., they were greeted by officials from New York City.
JC March 28 (WC May 18, Friday): Met with the British, French, Dutch, and Belgian Ministers at the hotel. The senior and vice engoys visited the Russian legation and greeted them.
JC Leap March 29 (WC May 19, Saturday): The Russian Minister replied to the envoys' visit on the day before and met them in the hotel. The mission members met with 500 citizens at a summerhouse.
JC Leap March 30 (WC May 20, Sunday): Stayed in the hotel as it was Sunday. In the afternoon, the followers had sightseeing in the city.
JC April 1 (WC May 21, Monday): The three envoys, namely Buzennokami Masaoki Shinmi, Awajinokami Norimasa Muragaki and Kozukenosuke Tadamasa Oguri, and some others visited a museum.
JC April 2 (WC May 22, Tuesday): At 10:00, the three envoys visited Kass, the Secretary of State, to hand over the Japanese and Dutch instruments of ratification of the treaty and received the English and Dutch instruments. At 3 pm, they visited the Minister of the Netherlands.
JC April 3 (WC May 23, Wednesday): At 12:00 pm, had a tour of the Parliament Building and met with the Vice President (or Chairman?) . Watched dancing by boys and girls at the hotel in the evening.
JC April 4 (WC May 24, Thursday): At 10:00 am, negotiated on gold and silver coins at the State Department. At 2:00 pm, visited the Naval Shipyard. At 8:00 pm, negotiated on gold and silver coins.
JC April 5 (WC May 25, Friday) : The followers took photos in the city. At 6:00 p.m., the three envoys were invited to a dinner by the President at the White House.
JC April 6 (WC May 26, Saturday): U.S. Capitol officials (members of Congress?) visited the envoys. They met with many visitors from various parts of the country every day.
JC April 7 (WC May 27, Sunday): Had city tour.
JC April 8 (WC May 28, Monday): U.S. administrative official and Minister of the Netherlands visited them. Discussed the itinerary for returning to Japan. Visited an observatory around 7:30 pm and observed the Moon and Saturn.
JC April 9 (WC May 29, Tuesday): In the afternoon, discussed the itinerary for returning to Japan.
JC April 10 (WC May 30, Wednesday): Visited by U.S. officials to negotiate over gold coins.
JC April 11 (WC May 31, Thursday): Discussed the itinerary for returning to Japan.
JC April 12 (WC June 1, Friday): Discussed the itinerary for returning to Japan.
JC April 13 (WC June 2, Saturday): Had photograph session of the three envoys at the hotel chapel. Visited by New York City officials in the afternoon. Had a tour of electrical equipment at 2:00 pm.
JC April 14 (WC June 3, Sunday): Rest day. In the afternoon, visited the city and a detention center.
JC April 15 (WC June 4, Monday): Visited by U.S. officials to negotiate over gold coins.
JC April 16 (WC June 5, Tuesday): At 12:00 pm, paid a courtesy call on the President's official residence, the Ministry of Finance, the military office, and the British, French, Russian, and Dutch ministers to greet on their return to Japan.
JC April 17 (WC June 6, Wednesday): Visited by U.S. officials regarding gold coins. Went to the White House for negotiations. Farewell address. Presented with commemorative medals bearing the image of the President (gold for the three envoys, silver for the accompanying personnels, and bronze for other attendants).
JC April 18 (WC June 7, Thursday): Received a letter regarding the gold coins.
JC April 19 (WC June 8, Friday): Departed Washington at 8:00 am by train. Arrived at Baltimore at 10:00 am. Had a parade in the city and arrived at Hotel Gilmore House.
In Baltimore (1 night)
JC April 20 (WC June 9, Saturday): Departed from Baltimore by train, crossed the Susquehanna River by ferry with trains on board and arrived at Philadelphia. Had a city parade and arrived at Continental Hotel.
In Philadelphia (6 days stay)
JC April 21 (June 10, Sunday): Holiday
JC April 22 (June 11, Monday): Recieved a letter from Washington to the envoy.
JC April 23 (WC June 12, Tuesday): At 8:00 am, a U.S. official visited and met with him.
JC April 24 (WC June 13, Wednesday): Visited the Mint around 9:00 am and held negotiations. Around 2 pm, officials of the Mint visited them at the hotel and held negotiations.
JC April 25 (WC June 14, Thursday): At 8:00 am, went to the Mint to witness an analysis experiment of Japanese and U.S. gold coins.
JC April 26 (WC June 15, Friday)
JC April 27 (WC June 16, Saturday): At 8:00 am, departed from Philadelphia by ship to Camden, then to Amboy by train, and arrived New York City at 2:00 pm. They received a big welcome at Battery Park, paraded down Broadway and arrived at Metropolitan Hotel.
In New York (13 days stay)
JC April 28 (WC June 17, Sunday): Holiday
JC April 29 (WC June 18, Monday): At 1:00 pm, visited and greeted at City Hall. At 3:00 pm, visited by the Dutch Consul.
JC May 1 (WC June 19, Tuesday): At 10:00 am, some members of the mission purchased books at Appleton's Bookstore. At noon, captain of the Roanoke and others came to greet them.
JC May 2 (WC June 20, Wednesday): French Consul, Admiral of the U.S. Shipyard, and others visited and met with them.
JC May 3 (June 21, Thursday): From 1:00 pm to 6:00 pm, visited the residence of the newspaper president. At 7:00 pm, visited by trade officials.
JC May 5 (WC June 22, Friday) : (translation of documents on gold coins)
JC May 6 (WC June 23, Saturday) : (translation of documents on gold coins)
JC May 7 (WC June 24, Sunday) : (Visited by relatives of Townsend Harris, the consul general to Japan)
JC May 8 (WC June 25, Monday) : Had a school visit tour. At 3:00 pm, visited the bereaved family of Matthew Calbraith Perry. Attended Welcome Grand Ball.
JC May 9 (WC June 26, Tuesday) : At 9:00 am, visited the School for the Blind. At 3:00 pm, visited a book printing office.
JC May 10 (WC June 27, Wednesday): Had a tour of wedding ceremony.
JC May 11 (WC June 28, Thursday): At 3:00 pm, boarded the USS Niagara to return to Japan.
六月 二十日（８月 ６日・月）ロアンダ（アンゴラ）着・滞泊９日
六月 二十九日（ ８月15日・水）ロアンダ発〜
| ■ Trip from New York to Roanda, Batavia, Hong Kong, and Japan aboard the USS Niagara
JC May 12 (WC June 29, Friday): At 1:00 pm, sailed from New York Harbor.
■Ｂｒｉｄｇｅ ｏｆ Ｈｏｐｅ（English) …ＪＥＷＬ発行の本で小栗上野介の業績紹介
| ■ Journey Around the World: The mission to the United States and the first Japanese to travel around the world, not taught in schools started by the Meiji government.
■ Captain Brooke: The Kanrin Maru did not sink thanks to Brooke and John Manjiro.
■ President's medals: Gold, silver, and bronze medals were presented to the envoys and all the followers.
■ Visiting the course of the mission to U.S. (Hawaii): It also became a trip to learn the history of the fall of the Kingdom of Hawaii.
■ Visiting the course of the mission to U.S. (Washington DC): The main gate of the naval shipyard still existed.
■ Visiting the course of the mission to U.S. (Philadelphiai): Kozukenosuke Tadamasa Oguri insisted on an experiment to analyze U.S. and Japanese gold coins by full volume analysis.
■ Visiting the course of the mission to U.S. (New York): Bypassed Broadway on the way to the hotel.
■ Tadamasa Oguri's Currency Negotiations: The currency experiments that made him say "No" in Philadelphia.
■ Toshichi Sato, a village master who traveled around the world: Gonda village master traveled around the world as a follower of Kozukenosuke Tadamasa Oguri.
■ Sadayu Tamamushi: The world that a Sendai clan samurai saw was fresh.
■ Oguri's Followers on the Mission to America: Nine Followers of Tadamasa Oguri
■ Miyoshi Gonzo, a follower of Tadamasa Oguri in the mission to the U.S.: He was a Shimane man.
■ Tetsuta Kimura's "Kobeiki" (Records of visiting the U.S.)
Achievements of the Japanese mission to the U.S.: Oguri who brought back a screw nail.■ Reading the "Detailed Drawing of Yokosuka""： We can read from the drawing that Yokosuka was the place of the Industrial Revolution in Japan.
■ Three ships for the Japanese mission to the U.S.: The USS Powhatan brought the mission to the U.S. by crossing the Pacific ocean and the Kanrin Maru was not used for the mission.
■ Leaflet in Japanese and English, "Three ships for the mission to the U.S.": We made the leaflet to advocate removing the Kanrin Maru from school textbooks.
■ The Japanese envoys to the U.S. decided to use the Hinomaru as the national flag: They decided to use the Hinomaru as the national flag of Japan, which was originally a ship's seal.
＜Regarding the Kanrin Maru＞
■There have been false theories recently that "Settsunokami Yoshitake Kimura was a deputy envoy" and that "the ship on which the deputy envoy boarded was the Kanrin Maru." Where are the roots of them?
■ The Kanrin Maru myth created by Shushin textbooks: A fiction taught by national textbooks
■ Japanese people with the "Kanrin Maru disease": A syndrome that they feel uncomfortable unless they mention the Kanrin Maru and Kaishu Katsu in every occasion
■ Izu Shimoda, the town of the USS Powhatan
■ A letter of thanks to Mr. Hideyuki Okazaki, a model sailing ship artist: Thanks to him, we have three ships of the mission to the U.S.
■ Tommy Polka: Music of Onojiro Tateishi, a boy interpreter who became very popular in the U.S.
■ Mission to the U.S. and American Dairy Farming: The first Japanese to eat ice cream.
■ Bridge of Hope (English) ...Introduction of Kozukenosuke Oguri's achievements in a book published by JEWL (Japanese Executive Women's League).
| ◇ The first mission to the U.S. and Japan-U.S. exchange (Link)
◇ List of the Japanese Envoys to the United States (Link)
◇ Shozaburo Okanoya (Follower of Jugoro Tsukahara) (Link)
◇ Was the Japan-U.S. Treaty of Amity and Commerce, or the so-called Unequal Treaty, really detrimental to Japan? (Link)